Top-News
4. January 2020

Body Performance - Ausstellung der Helmut Newton Stiftung - Teil 2

Viviane Sassen begeistert seit Jahren die Modefotowelt. Auch sie arbeitet in erster Linie mit dem menschlichen Körper, etwa indem...


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Top-News
31. December 2019

Body Performance - Ausstellung der Helmut Newton Stiftung - Teil 1

Performance ist eine eigenständige Kunstform, und die Fotografie ist ihr ständiger Begleiter. In dieser Gruppenausstellung werden...


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Top-News  |  12. November 2015

FANTASTIC REALISM

 

The Viennese version of Surrealism

On the occasion of the death of Viennese painter Ernst Fuchs, art-scene.tv will spotlight the so-called Fantastic Realism over the next weeks. This movement which is especially well-known in Austria had its beginnings in the 1950s in the course of the association of five like-minded Viennese painters who dedicated themselves to a surrealistic manner of representation and a mysterious and often cryptic imagery.

Among the founders of the Vienna School of Fantastic Realism were the late Ernst Fuchs, as well as Arik Brauer, Rudolf Hausner, Wolfgang Hutter and Anton Lehmden. Although Fuchs was the best known member of this group – not least because of his self-staging as the prince of painters – the other representatives of this movement also created extraordinary paintings, which can hold their ground against the surrealistic works of Salvador Dalí without a doubt.

One of the most important origins of their painting was the European Surrealism of the 1930s. During the postwar decades from 1945 to 1965 Fantastic Realism was a movement which developed in deliberate contrast to the dominant manner of painting at the time, which was abstraction. After symbolistic traits had vanished by and large during the Second World War, it was the Viennese “Fantasists” who addressed themselves for the first time in years to the magic and the unreal in painting – elements which had already appeared in Symbolism in the Italian “Pittura metafisica” around the turn-of-the-century, for example in the works of Giorgio de Chirico, or in Surrealism.

Another line of tradition reaches back to the 16th century, when Mannerism established mystical and erotic subjects in often bizarre representations, in order to distinguish itself from the classical concept of beauty rediscovered and upheld during the Renaissance period. The fact that the Fantastic Realists deliberately followed the tradition of the Old Masters represented a huge provocation to the modern contemporaries whose understanding of art was dominated by Cubism and abstract painting.

By referring to the fantastic and surreal trends in the course of art history, the group around Ernst Fuchs created works which on the one hand draw upon the realm of mythology and dream, and on the other are guided by the allegorical representations of Acrimboldo and Hieronymus Bosch, the mythological contents of Peter Paul Rubens’ paintings and the surreal representations of Salvador Dalí.

In the course of the next weeks, art-scene.tv is going to present the most important representatives of Fantastic Realism by means of one work each which is outstanding in the oeuvre of the respective artist.

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Affordable Art Fair Hamburg

In 1999, the art world was dominated by expert fairs, traditional auction houses and white cube galleries. Whoever wanted to buy...


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Olafur Eliasson: In real life

Olafur Eliasson (b. 1967) grew up in Iceland and Denmark. In 1995 he founded Studio Olafur Eliasson in Berlin, which today...


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